In today’s market, mobile applications are booming and are projected to grow
in the future. It leaves a wide-open field for competition among companies
trying to develop the best tools and frameworks for creating cross-platform
mobile applications. This article will explore two popular frameworks and
programming languages (Kotlin and Flutter) used for cross-platform mobile
application development. By comparing and contrasting the pros and cons of
each, you will better choose the suitable framework for your next project.

Cross-Platform Application Development Overview & Benefits

Cross-platform application development develops software for multiple platforms, such as computers,
mobile devices, and web browsers. This type of development can benefit
organizations that need to reach a broad audience, as it allows them to create
a single application that people with different types of devices can use. It
makes applications for various operating systems, such as Windows, Mac, and

  • It allows developers to reach a larger audience by supporting multiple platforms.
  • Cross-platform development can save time and resources by allowing code to be reused on all platforms.
  • It ensures the compatibility of applications with each other, regardless of the platforms they are running on.

Challenges in Cross-Platform Development?

There are some challenges to cross-platform application development as well;

  • First, the different platforms can have additional capabilities, so not all features can be supported on all platforms.
  • Second, different platforms can have other user interfaces, so the same application may need to be designed differently.
  • Testing & debugging can be more difficult when dealing with multiple platforms.

Despite these challenges, cross-platform development is often the best option
for many businesses or organizations, providing a more extensive audience and
saving time and resources.

What is Kotlin Multiplatform?

Kotlin Multi-Platform is a new programming language from JetBrains that allows
developers to target multiple platforms with a single codebase. It is already
a popular language for Android development, and with Kotlin Multi-Platform,
developers can now target iOS, web, desktop, and even embedded systems with a
single codebase.

Kotlin Multi-Platform is designed to be easy to use, with a familiar syntax
that makes it easy for Java developers to get started. Also, it is 100%
interoperable with Java, so developers can mix and match Kotlin and Java code
as needed.

Kotlin Multi-Platform is still in early development, but JetBrains is already
working on tooling and libraries to make it easy to develop cross-platform
applications. In the future, Kotlin Multi-Platform could become the go-to
language for cross-platform application development, making it easy to target
different platforms with a single codebase.

Read More How to Build Cross-Platform Apps with Kotlin Multiplatform

What is Flutter?

Flutter is a mobile app SDK- Software development Kit for building high-
quality native interfaces on iOS and Android. It is Google’s mobile UI
framework for crafting beautiful, natively compiled mobile, web, and desktop
applications from a single codebase.

Flutter works with existing code, is used by developers worldwide, and is free
and open-source. It offers a rich set of Material Design and Cupertino (iOS-
flavor) widgets built with our high-performance rending engine. It is fast,
efficient, and easy to use.

However, there are various advantages & disadvantages of each of them. Thus,
it becomes essential to know their merits & demerits to make the selection

Read More About – Future of Flutter in 2022 & Beyond

Advantages & Disadvantages:- Kotlin vs. Flutter

Have a look at the below tables to understand the pros & cons of both.

Advantages & Disadvantages:- Kotlin vs. Flutter

Till now, you will get a brief idea of Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter. Now,
to make yourself more straightforward for your cross-platform application
development projects, here are some of the factors on which you can find the
comparison between these two. In this write-up, you can find the comparison
based on Performance, UI Experience, Cost, Popularity, Community, Learning
and Time-to-Market .

Comparison b/w Flutter vs. Kotlin Multiplatform

Regarding Kotlin vs. Flutter: Best to choose. The first thing that strikes the
user’s attention is their crucial comparison. Therefore, the general public
and professionals are keenly searching for the best comparison-based content
that ultimately helps them choose one.

Let’s explore Flutter and Kotlin Multiplatform on a few parameters:-


The dart programming language is used to create apps with Flutter. These apps
are compiled directly to machine code, making them extremely fast.
Additionally, Flutter does not rely on web views or OEM widgets- It has its
rendering engine renders every view component. This provides a rich widget set
that includes all the critical platform differences, such as icons, font,
navigation, scrolling, and other UI elements. As a result, native-like
performance can be achieved on Android and iOS platforms.

Flutter aims to be fast- really fast. 60fps fast. This kind of speed is
essential for two main reasons. The first reason is that it makes the user
experience better. A smooth UI is always going to look better than a janky

The second reason is that it makes the development process easier and faster.
When you are building something new, you want to be able to iterate quickly.
If each change you make takes a long time to show up, it will hold you back.

Kotlin is a versatile programming language that can be used for developing
Android apps, cross-platform apps, and more. It is often compared to Java due
to its object-oriented programming capabilities. However, Kotlin offers many
features that Java does not, making it a powerful choice for developers who
want more than Java has to offer.

Kotlin is known for its speed and delivery performance on all platforms. In
fact, Google has 60 apps written in Kotlin. Another advantage of Kotlin is
that the code is compiled in the same format as the platform it is written
for. This makes kotlin an ideal choice for developing cross-platform apps.

Flutter and Kotlin are great for app development but depend on the
specific functions and features you need for your app. If you are looking
for amazing performance, either option will work well.

UI Experience

Cross-platform apps need a great UI to succeed. This is where Flutter comes
in. It helps developers create amazing experiences that feel native to the
user’s platform. All of this is done by using a single codebase. This makes
life much easier for developers and helps keep the app’s quality consistent
across all platforms.

Kotlin, on the other hand, offers a lot of freedom when developing user
interfaces for apps. This means that there are no restrictions on how you can
develop your app’s UI. You can use native features, whichever is necessary, or
write platform-specific code.


Kotlin is open-source and completely free. Kotlin developers are growing in
demand, and it is one of the essential skills to have as Kotin is said to be
the future of Android development.

Flutter is the same as Kotlin, open source and accessible. Flutter requires
learning Dart, which may be why many developers do not consider it a major
skill. Nevertheless, it is still in growing mode, and we will see many
organizations adopting it soon.


Kotlin is a language that continues to grow in popularity amongst developers.
In the 2020 StackOverflow Developer survey, Kotln was voted among the top 5
most loved languages. It is versatile and easy to use, which makes it a
popular choice for many world-recognized brands, such as Google Home,
Atlassian, Zomato, Adobe, ING Bank, Uber, VMware, Pinterest, Trello Slack, and

Kotlin and Dart are two of the most popular programming languages, according
to the 2020 Stack Overflow Developer survey
. Developers love these languages because they
are easy to use and provide a lot of flexibility.

Flutter has been gaining in popularity lately due in part to its expansive
user base, which includes tech giants such as Google and Square. Another
reason for its recent success is the recent release of Flutter 3 (in May 2022)
and Flutter 2.0 (in March 2021) developers have been raving about the update,
and it shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon. With 143K stars on GitHub,
it’s clear that the Flutter community is one of the most active in the world.

Learning Curve

Kotlin’s syntax is concise and similar to that of other JVM languages, such as
Scala, Java, Groovy, and Swift. If Kotlin developers come from a Java
background, they will find it very easy to switch to Kotlin. Being a fully
Java-compatible language, Kotlin, can be used in new and existing applications
without problems.

Flutter uses Dart. Dart is a powerful programming language for developing
various web, mobile, server, and desktop applications. Google develops it, and
easy to learn if you already know programming languages like C++, C, Java
Script, Python, and so on.


Flutter’s hot reload helps speed up UI development by allowing for quick
experiments and changes. This, along with its rich set of widgets and layered
architecture, results in a native-like user experience faster than what Kotlin

However, Kotlin has more concise syntax and ensures maximum code reuse, which
results in faster app development. However, the speed at which coding can be
done depends on the complexity of the applications. Both Flutter and Kotlin
save time in development by allowing for a single code base to be used for
multiple platforms.

Now that we’ve seen the advantages and disadvantages, we have also compared
Flutter and Kotlin with various essential parameters. However, look at the
below head-to-head comparison of Flutter vs. Kotlin Multiplatform.

Head-to-Head Comparison- Flutter vs. Kotlin Multiplatform

Parameters Kotlin Flutter
Language Kotlin Dart
Launch Year & Developer 2016, JetBrains Google
Performance Customization of codes makes is impressive in terms of
performance Quite promising due to Reload feature
User’s & Rating 33.3K stars on GitHub 143K stars on GitHub
Learning Curve Kotlin has limited resources to learn Flutter has a
comprehensive documentation

UI Design Great UI experience and the customization options Extensive
customization feature

Scope of Backend Development Kotlin Multi-Platform permits developers to
write the backend code seamlessly Flutter is backed by Google, Though
firebase is a Backend-as-a-service platform to write code at the backend

Popular Apps Autodesk, Careem, Yandex, VMware, Chalk, Icerock, Quizlet
The New York Times, eBay, Tencent, Alibaba, Square

Testing Support Kotlin doesn’t offer any technical support options or
features It has a bucket full of features. The most attentive feature is
the Widget testing feature which is currently trending.

Final Takeaway- Kotlin vs. Flutter

No framework or programming language can be called perfect; each has its ups
and downs. Flutter and Kotlin offer outstanding performance and can save you
time and money in development. Flutter is more popular than Kotlin in some
ways, even though it is newer to the market. Kotlin is preferred for
developing Android apps. If we consider cross-platform development, they both
offer native-like performances from a single code base.

Clear the confusion; read: Which Is Best, Native or Cross Platform

Technology selection can be a tricky business. Depending on the project
requirements, you might want one tool over another. This guide provides an in-
depth look at two different technologies, helping you make a more informed
decision when choosing the right tool for your project.


Cross app development

Kotlin multiplatform

Kotlin vs flutter

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